Key Findings Details
Social Security Contributions and Return Migration among Older Male Mexican Immigrants
Emma Aguila and Alma Vega
• In 2012, 32% of middle-aged and older Mexican return migrants living in Mexico reported having contributed to the U.S. Social Security system while in the U.S. and only 5% received or expected to receive U.S. Social Security benefits.
• Compared to those who did not contribute to the U.S. Social Security system, those who contributed were more likely to be U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents, reported higher levels of education (college education or more), and spent more years in the U.S.
• Mexican return migrants living in Mexico who spent one to nine years in the U.S. had a lower probability of transitioning to retirement between 2003 and 2012 than those had never been to the U.S. In contrast, those who spent 20 or more years in the U.S. had a higher probability of transitioning to retirement.