Key Findings Details
Work Disability, Work, and Justification Bias in Europe and the U.S.
Arie Kapteyn, James P. Smith and Arthur van Soest
- American workers are more likely to suffer from chronic conditions than their European counterparts.
- Overall, Americans are less likely to see themselves as work disabled than Europeans.
- However, to justify not working, nonworking Americans tend to classify health problems as more serious work limitations than those who are working.
- In contrast, Europeans classify the work limitations of health problems the same regardless of whether they are working or nonworking.
- Not working is more acceptable in Europe than in the United States, regardless of health status.
- Work disability increases with age, decreases with schooling, and is lower for married respondents in all countries.