Key Findings Details
Personality, Lifetime Earnings, and Retirement Wealth
Angela Lee Duckworth and David Weir
- More conscientious and emotionally stable adults have higher lifetime earnings.
- Personality measures account for nearly as much variation in lifetime earnings as do cognitive measures.
- Conscientiousness and emotional stability interact such that the effects of conscientiousness on lifetime earnings are greater among less emotionally stable adults.
- In couples, the conscientiousness of husbands and of wives has equal positive effects on wealth.